- Bonifacius: An Essay upon the Good
- Cotton Mather Facts
- Cotton mather bonifacius essays to do good summary
Essays to do good: addressed to all Christians, whether in public or of more than books and pamphlets, cotton mather's ubiquitous literary works made him one of the most influential religious leaders in america. This essay is by those who desire to answer the great end of life and to do good while they live.
Bonifacius: An Essay upon the Good
Download Essays To Do Good Essays to do good : Mather, Cotton, : Free Download was named after his grandfathers, both paternal richard mather and maternal john cotton. Paper terms bond. He separated himself from the trials per se and in fact warned the judges against "spectral evidences," but his advice went unheeded.
In his Magnalia Christi Americana Mather declared his disapproval of the methods used in the trials.
But while they were going on, he had registered no public protest. Clearly, politics, as well as theology and science, determined the Mathers' role in the witchcraft controversy. At the judges' request, Cotton, apparently unwillingly, agreed to write an apologetical account of a few of the trials. Phips, after all, had been baptized by Cotton and was Increase's appointment. The Wonders of the Invisible World was followed in by a work sponsored by the Mathers' opponents, entitled More Wonders of the Invisible World.
Compiled by Robert Calef, a man skeptical of and outraged by the witchcraft accusations, it contained, without Cotton's permission, his account, written in , of his investigations of a girl he believed bewitched. Mather again had focused on supernatural phenomena; he had made no attempt to start a prosecution. But by popular feeling had risen against the Salem trials, and the Mathers were firmly identified both with the causes of the hysteria and with the political appointees who made the tragic judgments.
Most 19th-century historians place full responsibility for the trials with Cotton Mather; Brooks Adams called the trials themselves the central moral issue of the 17th century.go to site
Cotton Mather Facts
To modern scholars, however, both allegations seem to overstate the case. A combination of forces effected the wane of the Mathers' influence. A new breed of more liberal and catholic men gathered in the recently established Brattle Church, under the leadership of Benjamin Coleman. These, with others, secured the removal of Increase from the presidency of Harvard in The House of Representatives appointed Cotton president, but the electors of the college overruled their action and passed him by.
Cotton then directed his attention to Yale. But when Yale's president, Timothy Cutler, resigned to join the Anglican Church in , Cotton, apparently, refused the invitation to replace him. This was Cotton's last opportunity for high office. During this period the Mathers saw the collapse of their scheme to bring more centralized control to individual congregations and to effect closer cooperation between Congregational and Presbyterian churches.
Meanwhile in western Massachusetts age-old standards governing admission to membership in the Congregational Church were being eased by the powerful Northampton minister Solomon Stoddard.
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The Mathers directly challenged Stoddard but were unable to curb him. A series of revivals under Stoddard prepared the soil in the Connecticut valley for Stoddard's grandson, Jonathan Edwards, and for the coming of the Great Awakening. Although the Mathers maintained standfast attitudes toward many cultural and ecclesiastical changes, they were in the intellectual vanguard of the Colonies.
Cotton corresponded with men of learning around the world. In he was awarded a doctorate of divinity by the University of Glasgow. In he had the great honor of being elected to the Royal Society of London. He and Increase were among the first in the Colonies to advocate inoculation against smallpox and were threatened and maligned for so doing. Undismayed even by a bomb thrown through the window of Cotton's house , the Mathers succeeded, with Dr. Zabdiel Boylston, in putting the project into effect.
Despite disfavor, Cotton's activities continued. He wrote in seven languages and also mastered the Iroquois Indian language.
Cotton mather bonifacius essays to do good summary
In his lifetime of his works were published. These took many forms: history, sermons, biography, fables, books of practical piety, theological and scientific treatises, and verse. Often pedantic and heavily embellished with simile, metaphor, and learned reference, his writing could also achieve simplicity, straight-forwardness, and practicality.
Mather saw instruction as the chief function of good writing and made sophisticated adaptations of style and mode to that end. He might instruct explicitly, as in the medical manual The Angel of Bethesda , or by humorous indirection, as in his Political Fables , written in the manner of 18th-century essayists.
In the Psalterium Americanum the versatile Mather turned his talents to translating the Psalms and adapting them to music. The unpublished Biblia Americana is an exhaustively annotated scholarly interpretation of the Bible. An immensely popular book, Benjamin Franklin called it the work that most influenced his youth. Suggestive of Franklin too is the popular science mode in such works as Mather's Essay for the Recording of Illustrious Providences Probably Mather's greatest work was his Magnalia Christi Americana Original Title.
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