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≡Essays on Friedrich Nietzsche. Free Examples of Research Paper Topics, Titles GradesFixer
The power of the spirit to appropriate foreign elements reveals itself in a strong tendency to assimilate the new to the old, to simplify the manifold, to overlook or repudiate the absolutely contradictory; just as it arbitrarily re-underlines, makes prominent, and falsifies for itself certain traits and lines in the foreign elements, in every portion of the "outside world. Beyond Good and Evil section Even a scholar gaining knowledge about a particular object, time, or phenomenon is a way of exerting power over that thing.
Anything that makes you feel like you are master over something can be the object of your Will to Power. In sections of part 1 of Nietzsche's Genealogy , Nietzsche claims that there are two fundamental tendencies of humans, the noble and the ignoble. Of course, both tendencies exist in all modern people in varying degrees. The Will to Power existed in both classes, but it manifested itself in different ways. The Nobles had a "superabundance" of natural power so that whatever they desired they could obtain Their will to power was never thwarted, and thus they never had to self-reflect, or reinterpret the world in self-deceiving terms.
Consequently, they acted without pre-meditation, they gave little thought to slights against them, and they lived a life of luxury, activity, self-absorption, and blissful ignorance.
Consequently, they are unable to spontaneously see themselves or their lives in any positive way, as intrinsically "good," like the Nobles can. Pronounced: Ray-zant-ay-mant. One should ask who is actually evil in the sense of the morality of ressentiment. To do this, they look at the Noble way of life and say "No, we would not choose to be that way.
That way is evil. Thus, the Ignoble create a whole new system of values, this time not merely descriptive but "normative," in that the Noble way of life is a choice the Nobles made, not their nature, and their choice is the wrong one. Here is a more complete picture of Nietzsche's genealogy, combining the two previous sections we learned about and culminating in the birth of modern morality. In sections 6 and 7 of part 1, Nietzsche describes a split in the noble class between what he calls the "warriors" and "priests.
Only in the hands of the priest, this real artist in feelings of guilt, did it take shape — and what a shape!
Friedrich Nietzsche Beyond Good and Evil - Essay Example
Man, suffering from himself in some way, at all events physiologically, rather like an animal imprisoned in a cage, unclear as to why? For Nietzsche, SIN. The Ignoble, now convinced that they are "good," yet still suffering because they cannot fully express their instincts, desires, and Will to Power, long for release or at least justification for their suffering.
The priests give this to them by telling them they suffer not simply because their desires were unfulfilled or their Will did not conquer its object, but because they desired wrongly, they exercised their will wrongly, and they are being punished for it. Your suffering is punishment for your wrongdoing, your sins. Is Nietzsche wrong about human nature, about the fundamentals of reality, about the history of Western thought? If you think he is, then he pressures you to describe an alternative genealogy.
Tell us where Christianity really came from, explain history in a different way, and give an alternative account of human nature that does not include repressed instincts or the Will to Power. The enduring question for Nietzsche is whether his genealogy is the best explanation for religious belief. Remember that even for a Nietzschean, just because Christianity has this history does not necessarily mean it is wrong to follow it, provided that you are honest with yourself about what it is and what it does for you. In fact, Nietzsche was in some ways quite fond of Jesus Christ.
On Nietzsche's interpretation, Jesus was a radical, mobilizing the masses against the noble priests and all their moralizing sentiments about guilt, atonement, and salvation through faith alone. Nietzsche believed that Jesus presented goodness as a way of life, somewhat like the nobles who found happiness and goodness in action. Question authority! Live a life of action! Love everyone, and don't be judgemental of others or of yourself. It might seem like Nietzsche was only describing a particular religion's worldview, but in fact he believed all of Western society was infected with the germ of Christianity.
For Nietzsche, this paradigm is the problem; Christianity is merely the progenitor. Everywhere the paradigm is given new phrasing and justification, but nowhere is the paradigm itself questioned.
So if our whole inherited moral paradigm is wrong because it abstracts from the reality of experience, it causes us to feel guilt and to hate ourselves and our instincts, and it compels us to think we possess objective morals that can be used to judge and exclude others, what alternative way of life does Nietzsche propose? Well, he certainly does not think the answer is a return to Noble morality and purely obeying any and all of our instincts.
First of all, Nietzsche does not even think this is possible - humans have lived in society too long and are too corrupted by the Christian moral paradigm to go back to living like animals. Second, living like animals is ugly. The Ignoble's self-reflection, self-consciousness, and self-torture, Nietzsche says, are what made the human animal beautiful and interesting!
Without these tendencies, there would be no science, no religion, no philosophy, no culture, no art - all things that make human life worth living. The problem is Ignoble morality created this rich life out of an unhealthy mindset - guilty conscience and ressentiment. So what we should strive for, then, is a rich, self-reflective life created from a more positive mindset that is not laden with all these life-denying and self-hating notions.
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A mindset that affirms life, that takes its guidance for action not from some external realm of gods and objectivity, but from within the world, within experience, and within the fullness of our instincts. A mindset that is above all a creator of values. Does this mean that we lose "Objective" morality? Well, yes, but Nietzsche would say we never had it to begin with! We were living under an illusory master we created ourselves, and now we have the knowledge, the experience, and the mental fortitude to turn our backs on this master.
Beyond Good and Evil
That is what Nietzsche meant when he famously declared:. You can make the interface full-screen by clicking the arrows in the bottom right-hand corner. Use the sideways arrows in the center on the bottom to take the recommended path through the genealogy, or click on any circles to jump to info about that subject. Who was Friedrich Nietzsche? What is a Genealogy?
CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Friedrich Nietzsche Beyond Good and Evil
Full Text and Selected Passages. Why Was He Writing? Wasn't He a Nazi? The New Socrates? Conflict Breeds Creation Alas! Key Principle What is a Genealogy? Genealogy of Prince William. Genealogy of Rock and Roll. Key Principle Bad Conscience. Social Responsibility The relationship of a debtor to his creditor in civil law, about which I have written at length already, was for a second time transformed through interpretation, in a historically extremely strange and curious manner, into… the relationship of the present generation to their forebears.
Genealogy Nietzsche is making a claim here about the fundamental psychology of a human being. Bad Conscience I look on bad conscience as a serious illness to which man was forced to succumb by the pressure of the most fundamental of all changes which he experienced — that change whereby he finally found himself imprisoned within the confines of society and peace Genealogy It is not easy to get a hearing for this hypothesis and it needs to be pondered, watched, and slept on.
Nobles, Ignobles, and Ressentiment In sections of part 1 of Nietzsche's Genealogy , Nietzsche claims that there are two fundamental tendencies of humans, the noble and the ignoble. Good and Evil One should ask who is actually evil in the sense of the morality of ressentiment. Argument Guilt, Sin, and Modern Morality. The Genealogical Picture Here is a more complete picture of Nietzsche's genealogy, combining the two previous sections we learned about and culminating in the birth of modern morality. Modern Morality The Emergence of the Priests In sections 6 and 7 of part 1, Nietzsche describes a split in the noble class between what he calls the "warriors" and "priests.
Christianity and the Secular World Christianity Is Nietzsche wrong about human nature, about the fundamentals of reality, about the history of Western thought? So what should we do?
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God remains dead. And we have killed him. Individual identity struggled to exist.
The morality of the mediocre reigned supreme. Nietzsche lived in a dead world. Milan Kundera lives in the world today. His world is dead much like Nietzsche's. Denial is the focal point of society.